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Globalisation of Stone Tools and Beginnings of Mechanical Processing of Polymers


  • Igor Catic

    () (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb)

  • Maja Rujnic-Sokele

    (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb)

  • Ivor Karavanic

    (Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb)


Based on research on influence of rubber and plastics on globalization, an interesting question arose: can we define the first globalization way of material culture? Manufacturing of first stone tools can be seen at the site of Gona, Ethiopia (dated to 2,6 million years ago), followed by several sites including the evidence from West Turkana in Kenya (2,74 - 1.94 million years ago), Olduvai in Tanzania and Sterkfontain in South Africa (2 - 1,6 million years ago). The products found at the sites were simple stone choppers, chopping tools and flakes. We used synthesiological approach and combined the knowledge from archaeology, production technology and the field of polymers in order to approach the interesting question relating to the aforementioned finds: for which purpose these tools were used? Firstly, the manufactured stone tools were used for procedures such as breaking of the natural polymers: e.g. crushing of the larger bones in order to obtain the marrow, and for butchering of animals.

Suggested Citation

  • Igor Catic & Maja Rujnic-Sokele & Ivor Karavanic, 2010. "Globalisation of Stone Tools and Beginnings of Mechanical Processing of Polymers," Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems - scientific journal, Croatian Interdisciplinary Society Provider Homepage:, vol. 8(2), pages 59-69.
  • Handle: RePEc:zna:indecs:v:8:y:2010:i:2:p:59-69

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Oecd, 2001. "Understanding the Digital Divide," OECD Digital Economy Papers 49, OECD Publishing.
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    More about this item


    globalisation; Stone tools Road; mechanical processing; natural polymers;

    JEL classification:

    • B19 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Other
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology


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