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Socialism without liberation: Land Reclamation Projects in Guinea-Bissau

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  • Kohnert, Dirk

Abstract

One of the outstanding aims of most liberation movements has been to increase the economic well-being of their people, Guinea-Bissau being no exception in this respect. How far has the new Nation State succeeded in fulfilling this aim? A comparative analysis of the implementation of land reclamation projects during colonial and post-colonial times reveals astonishing similarities: especially the centralization of development efforts in the hands of administrators disconnected from the grassroots, lack of target group analysis and misconceptions about the aims and needs, as well as the resources, of the population involved in the development efforts, on the part of the administration. The effects of this negative conditioning process of 'development' over many years on the chances of cooperation between peasants and the administration are still largely unknown. Any development planner who wants to encourage the local population to take their future into their own hands, would have to take account of this negative conditioning process.

Suggested Citation

  • Kohnert, Dirk, 1988. "Socialism without liberation: Land Reclamation Projects in Guinea-Bissau," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 161-175.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:espost:118630
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    Cited by:

    1. Kohnert, Dirk, 1996. "Magic and witchcraft: Implications for Democratization and poverty-alleviating aid in Africa," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 1347-1355.
    2. Kohnert, Dirk, 2009. "Democratisation via elections in an African 'narco state'? The case of Guinea-Bissau," MPRA Paper 19109, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Kohnert, Dirk, 2000. "Außenpolitische Hintergründe des gesellschaftspolitischen Umbruchs in Guinea-Bissau
      [The impact of foreign affairs on the political and social transition in Guinea-Bissau]
      ," MPRA Paper 5344, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Kohnert, Dirk & Elwert, Georg & Bierschenk, Thomas, 1993. "The long-term effects of development aid - Empirical studies in rural West Africa," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 83-111.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Democratization; Land use systems; Guinea-Bissau; Africa; Colonialism; African Socialism;

    JEL classification:

    • P2 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies
    • P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems
    • P32 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Collectives; Communes; Agricultural Institutions
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification
    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics

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