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Policy and regulation for sustainable microfinance: country experiences in Asia

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  • Paul B. McGuire

    (The Foundation for Development Cooperation, Brisbane, Australia)

Abstract

This article considers the policy and regulatory environment for microfinance in Asia. It identifies eleven criteria for 'good practice' in policy and regulation, covering the policies of governments and donor agencies to support microfinance; the regulation of non-bank microfinance institutions; and the regulation of banks. It then grades the performance of nine countries in Asia. It concludes that there is scope for improvement in all nine countries. Overall, Philippines and Bangladesh have the policy and regulatory environments that are most conducive to sustainable microfinance, while Pakistan has the one that is least conducive. However, different countries have strengths in different areas, and no country is strong in all areas. Copyright © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul B. McGuire, 1999. "Policy and regulation for sustainable microfinance: country experiences in Asia," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(5), pages 717-729.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:11:y:1999:i:5:p:717-729
    DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1328(199907/08)11:5<717::AID-JID587>3.0.CO;2-H
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    Cited by:

    1. Hartarska, Valentina, 2005. "Governance and performance of microfinance institutions in Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(10), pages 1627-1643, October.
    2. Leif Atle Beisland & Roy Mersland & R. Oystein Strøm, 2012. "Audit Quality and Corporate Governance: Evidence from the Microfinance Industry," Working Papers CEB 12-034, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    3. Mislan Cokro, Widiyanto & Ismail, Abdul Ghafar, 2008. "Sustainability of BMT financing for Developing Micro-enterprises," MPRA Paper 7434, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Nicolas A. LASH & Bala BATAVIA, 2016. "Government Policies And Micro Lending In Emerging Markets," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 17, pages 9-32, June.
    5. Marek Hudon, 2006. "Subsidies and financial performances of the microfinance institutions: Does management matter?," Working Papers CEB 05-015.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    6. Valentina Hartarska, 2004. "Governance and Performance of Microfinance Institutions in Central And Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 2004-677, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    7. Hartarska, Valentina M., 2005. "Governance and Performance of Microfinance Institutions in Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24568, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    8. Thapa, Ganesh, 2006. "Sustainability and Governance of Microfinance Institutions: Recent Experiences and Some Lessons for Southeast Asia," Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), vol. 3(1-2), pages 1-22, December.
    9. World Bank, 2001. "Risk Management in South Asia : A Poverty Focused Approach," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15449, The World Bank.

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