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Backward Induction Foundations of the Shapley Value


  • Ben McQuillin
  • Robert Sugden


We present a noncooperative game model of coalitional bargaining, closely based on that of Gul (1989) but solvable by backward induction. In this game, Gul's condition of “value additivity” does not suffice to ensure the existence of a subgame perfect Nash equilibrium that supports the Shapley value, but a related condition—“no positive value‐externalities”—does. Multiple equilibria can arise only in the event of ties, and with a mild restriction on tie‐break rules these equilibria all support the Shapley value.

Suggested Citation

  • Ben McQuillin & Robert Sugden, 2016. "Backward Induction Foundations of the Shapley Value," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 84, pages 2265-2280, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:emetrp:v:84:y:2016:i::p:2265-2280

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrea Caggese & Ander Perez, 2017. "Capital Misallocation and Secular Stagnation," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2017-009, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), revised 17 Jan 2017.
    2. Alfredo Valencia-Toledo & Juan Vidal-Puga, 2020. "A sequential bargaining protocol for land rental arrangements," Review of Economic Design, Springer;Society for Economic Design, vol. 24(1), pages 65-99, June.
    3. Inés Macho-Stadler & David Pérez-Castrillo & David Wettstein, 2017. "Extensions of the Shapley value for Environments with Externalities," Working Papers 1002, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    4. McQuillin, Ben & Sugden, Robert, 2018. "Balanced externalities and the Shapley value," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 81-92.

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