IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Integrating fish and azolla into rice-duck farming in Asia


  • Cagauan, A.G.
  • Branckaert, R.D.
  • van Hove, C.


Several countries in Asia practice integrated rice-duck farming. On-farm resources such as duck manure and feed waste are not adequately used and recycled in the system. This indicates the potential for research to increase the productivity of the rice-duck system. The integration of fish and the nitrogen-fixing aquatic fern azolla show promise for increasing the production potential of the system. Fish, azolla and ducks integrated with rice farming can result in nutrient enhancement, pest control, feed supplementation and biological control. Some of the results of a case study on integrated rice-fish-azolla-duck farming systems conducted in the Philippines are presented in this paper.

Suggested Citation

  • Cagauan, A.G. & Branckaert, R.D. & van Hove, C., 2000. "Integrating fish and azolla into rice-duck farming in Asia," Naga, The WorldFish Center, vol. 23(1), pages 4-10.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfi:wfnaga:35802

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Suh, Jungho, 2014. "Theory and reality of integrated riceā€“duck farming in Asian developing countries: A systematic review and SWOT analysis," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 125(C), pages 74-81.

    More about this item


    Agropisciculture; Rice field aquaculture; Aquatic plants; Ducks; Asia; Philippines;

    JEL classification:

    • Q00 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - General


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wfi:wfnaga:35802. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (William Ko). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.