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Changes in the Energy Consumption in EU-27 Countries

Author

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  • Hajko Vladimír

    (Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administration, Masaryk University, Lipová 507/41a, Brno, Czech Republic)

Abstract

The complete decomposition method is applied to changes in energy consumption in the countries of EU-27. This method decomposes the changes in energy use into three different effects: a change in energy consumption due to an increase of economic activity (the activity effect), a change in energy consumption due to a relative increase of significance of a country in the group (the structure effect) and a change in energy consumption due to a change of energy efficiency measured as energy intensity (the intensity effect). The results confirm that there is a difference in development of these effects between the old (EU-15) and the new member countries. The results show that the activity effect is the most significant effect in old member countries (EU-15), and is on average 1.13 times higher than in new member countries. The intensity effect is the main diversifying factor between the two groups and the most significant effect for the new member countries. The intensity effect is almost universally negative in all countries, and compensates for the other effects. Because of the importance of the effect, energy intensity convergence is examined. It is found that even by the "rough" distinction between the new and the old member countries, the convergence in energy intensity in new member countries can be found (in the old member countries there is no energy intensity convergence).

Suggested Citation

  • Hajko Vladimír, 2012. "Changes in the Energy Consumption in EU-27 Countries," Review of Economic Perspectives, De Gruyter Open, vol. 12(1), pages 3-21, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:reoecp:v:12:y:2012:i:1:p:3-21:n:1
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    File URL: https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/revecp.2012.12.issue-1/v10135-012-0001-y/v10135-012-0001-y.xml?format=INT
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Borozan, Djula, 2017. "Testing for convergence in electricity consumption across Croatian regions at the consumer's sectoral level," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 145-153.
    2. Fernández González, P. & Landajo, M. & Presno, M.J., 2014. "Multilevel LMDI decomposition of changes in aggregate energy consumption. A cross country analysis in the EU-27," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 576-584.
    3. Vladimír Hajko, 2015. "Energy-Gross Domestic Product Nexus: Disaggregated Analysis for the Czech Republic in the Post-Transformation Era," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(3), pages 869-888.
    4. Sebestyénné Szép, Tekla, 2016. "Energetikai konvergencia az Energia 2020 stratégia tükrében. A konvergenciaszámítások alkalmazásának egy alternatív lehetősége
      [Energy convergence in the light of the Energy 2020 strategy. An alter
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(5), pages 564-587.

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