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On Economics in Poland in 1949-1989: Introduction


  • Czarny Bogusław

    (Chair of Economics II Warsaw School of Economics)


This article is a concise introduction into the history of economics in totalitarian Poland in 1949-1989. In it, I attempt to show the degradation of economics in Poland in this period. The main theses of the article are three. First, academic economics and the institutions necessary for the normal functioning of science were destroyed in Poland at the turn of the 1940s and 1950s. Pseudo science was substituted for the science of economics. Second, these events had a damaging impact on the quality of research in the years that followed. In my opinion, the alleged achievements of Polish economists, e.g., Oskar Lange's monograph Ekonomia polityczna, as well as the works of Włodzimierz Brus and members of the so-called “Wakar School,” were of only “outside” importance. Third, after 1949, the teaching of economics degenerated as well.

Suggested Citation

  • Czarny Bogusław, 2014. "On Economics in Poland in 1949-1989: Introduction," International Journal of Management and Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, Collegium of World Economy, vol. 41(1), pages 92-112, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:ijomae:v:41:y:2014:i:1:p:92-112:n:6

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wagener, Hans-Jurgen, 1997. "Second Thoughts? Economics and Economists under Socialism," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(2), pages 165-187.
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