Second Births in Austria
We investigate determinants of having a second child in Austria, a country which reached below replacement fertility in the early 1970s. In line with the findings for third-birth intensities by Hoem, Prskawetz, and Neyer (2001) we find that a mother's socio-demographic status like religiousness and her number of own siblings are important determinants of second-birth intensities while her socioeconomic status like educational attainment and labour force attachment before childbirth lose significance once we control for her partner's characteristics. Despite a strong two-child norm that prevailed for women of the birth cohorts we are studying, the incompatibility between motherhood and increasing labour force participation (as evidenced by lower birth intensities for mothers currently working) holds for second births in a similar way as for third births.
Volume (Year): 3 (2005)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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- Hans-Peter Kohler & Francesco C. Billari & José Antonio Ortega, 2002. "The Emergence of Lowest-Low Fertility in Europe During the 1990s," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 28(4), pages 641-680.
- Jan M. Hoem & Alexia Prskawetz & Gerda R. Neyer, 2001. "Autonomy or conservative adjustment? The effect of public policies and educational attainment on third births in Austria," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2001-016, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
- Karsten Hank, 2002. "Regional Social Contexts and Individual Fertility Decisions: A Multilevel Analysis of First and Second Births in Western Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 270, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
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