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School Tracks, College Performance and Early Labour Market Outcomes

Author

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  • Lorenzo Cappellari

    () (Institute of Economics and Finance, Catholic University of Milan)

Abstract

A growth model is presented in which productive government expenditure takes the form of a stock. Private and public capital interact with each other in two ways. The first is related to the specification of the aggregate production function (Cobb-Douglas vs. CES). The second has to do with the rates of investment in the two types of capital, and arises from the law of motion of public capital. The share of public capital devoted to output production can be exogenous or endogenous. In this framework, we analyse how the optimal growth rate of the economy depends on the degree of complementarity/substitutability between the investments in the two kinds of capital, as well as on the elasticity of substitution between the two capital-inputs in the production of goods. Unlike Barro (1990), the relationship between optimal growth and the share of productive government expenditure in GDP is nonlinear and characterized by threshold-effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Lorenzo Cappellari, 2012. "School Tracks, College Performance and Early Labour Market Outcomes," Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali, Vita e Pensiero, Pubblicazioni dell'Universita' Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, vol. 120(2), pages 181-200.
  • Handle: RePEc:vep:journl:y:2012:v:120:i:2:p:181-200
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    School tracking; College performance; School-to-work transition; Endogeneity;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions

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