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Migratory stages of aging in the municipality Tocópero, Falcon state, Venezuela

Author

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  • Blanca De Lima

    () (Antropóloga Social, profesora titular. Universidad Nacional Experimental Francisco de Miranda. Unidad de Investigaciones Gerontológicas. Programa de Gerontología. Complejo Académico Borregales. Estado Falcón.)

  • Marycruz Sánchez

    () (Gerontóloga. Universidad Nacional Experimental Francisco de Miranda. Unidad de Investigaciones Gerontológicas. Programa de Gerontología. Complejo Académico Borregales. Coro, Estado Falcón.)

Abstract

This article studies the immigration of elders living in poverty in the municipality of Tocópero (Falcon, Venezuela). This municipality shows an important population aging. INE figures were used and 44 elders were interviewed. The emigration is caused by the incapacity of the municipality to provide work and education, as well as by the low quality of life offered to the municipality’s inhabitants. There are some gender differences in the migration process and youngsters continue migrating. It is concluded that Tocópero shows the demographic disparity in Venezuela. The emigrants who return to their home town cannot overcome poverty, age without social security and live in poor conditions. The municipality had not been able to provide a local development so as to change the demographic perspective.

Suggested Citation

  • Blanca De Lima & Marycruz Sánchez, 2010. "Migratory stages of aging in the municipality Tocópero, Falcon state, Venezuela," Economía, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (IIES). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad de Los Andes. Mérida, Venezuela, vol. 35(30), pages 143-170, July-Dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:ula:econom:v:35:y:2010:i:30:p:143-170
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Migration; population ageing; poverty.;

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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