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Crecimiento, convergencia y espacio en las regiones chilenas: 1960 - 1998

  • Patricio Aroca
  • Mariano Bosch

    ()

El objetivo de este trabajo es investigar la popular hipótesis de convergencia en el proceso de crecimiento económico en Chile. Usando herramientas de la econometría espacial, replicamos la mayoría de los resultados de la literatura previa sobre el tema para Chile. Sin embargo, encontramos nueva evidencia que muestra que en la última década, la de mayor crecimiento del país, el proceso de crecimiento no ha sido convergente, desde el punto de vista de cohesión regional. Los resultados revelan una alta y creciente concentración espacial del PIBpc regional. Además, dos “clusters” espaciales regionales son detectados para esa misma variable, indicando que el desarrollo económico de Chile puede estar segmentando espacialmente el país en regiones altamente productivas y dinámicas (Regiones I, II y III) y otras regiones que van paulatinamente quedando más rezagadas (Regiones VIII, IX y X). Las estimaciones de las tradicionales ecuaciones de convergencia apoyan la tesis de que en los años 90, un período de

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Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

Volume (Year): 27 (2000)
Issue (Month): 2 Year 2000 (December)
Pages: 199-224

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Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:27:y:2000:i:2:p:199-224
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/

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