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Crecimiento, convergencia y espacio en las regiones chilenas: 1960 - 1998

Author

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  • Patricio Aroca
  • Mariano Bosch

    ()

Abstract

El objetivo de este trabajo es investigar la popular hipótesis de convergencia en el proceso de crecimiento económico en Chile. Usando herramientas de la econometría espacial, replicamos la mayoría de los resultados de la literatura previa sobre el tema para Chile. Sin embargo, encontramos nueva evidencia que muestra que en la última década, la de mayor crecimiento del país, el proceso de crecimiento no ha sido convergente, desde el punto de vista de cohesión regional. Los resultados revelan una alta y creciente concentración espacial del PIBpc regional. Además, dos “clusters” espaciales regionales son detectados para esa misma variable, indicando que el desarrollo económico de Chile puede estar segmentando espacialmente el país en regiones altamente productivas y dinámicas (Regiones I, II y III) y otras regiones que van paulatinamente quedando más rezagadas (Regiones VIII, IX y X). Las estimaciones de las tradicionales ecuaciones de convergencia apoyan la tesis de que en los años 90, un período de

Suggested Citation

  • Patricio Aroca & Mariano Bosch, 2000. "Crecimiento, convergencia y espacio en las regiones chilenas: 1960 - 1998," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 27(2 Year 20), pages 199-224, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:27:y:2000:i:2:p:199-224
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Marcos Minoru Hasegawa, 2010. "The Tax Policy in the Chilean Economy: a Regional Applied General Equilibrium Analysis," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 05, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Dec 2010.
    2. Maria Abreu & Henri L.F. de Groot & Raymond J.G.M. Florax, 2004. "Space and Growth," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 04-129/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    3. Jorge Dresdner & Carlos Sanhueza, 2009. "NOTA TECNICA: Estimación de Series de Salarios Regionales en Chile," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 36(2 Year 20), pages 243-261, December.
    4. Maria ABREU & Henri L.F. DE GROOT & Raymond J.G.M. FLORAX, 2005. "Space And Growth: A Survey Of Empirical Evidence And Methods," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 21, pages 13-44.
    5. SOTO Raimundo & TORCHE Arístides, "undated". "Spatial Inequity after Reforms in Chile: Where Do We Stand?," EcoMod2003 330700137, EcoMod.
    6. Juan Gabriel Brida & Silvia London & Mara Rojas, 2013. "Desempeño económico regional: un análisis dinámico para el caso chileno en el período 1960-2009," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, November.
    7. Raimundo Soto & Arístides Torche, 2004. "Spatial Inequality, Migration and Economic Growth in Chile," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 41(124), pages 401-424.
    8. Vicente Royuela & Gustavo Adolfo García, 2015. "Economic and Social Convergence in Colombia," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(2), pages 219-239, February.
    9. Adriana Carolina Silva Arias & Patricia González Román, 2009. "Un análisis espacial de las migraciones internas en Colombia (2000-2005)," REVISTA FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ECONÓMICAS, UNIVERSIDAD MILITAR NUEVA GRANADA, June.
    10. Marc Badia-Miró, 2015. "The evolution of the location of economic activity in Chile in the long run: a paradox of extreme concentration in absence of agglomeration economies," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 42(2 Year 20), pages 143-167, December.
    11. Sergio J. Rey & Mark V. Janikas, 2005. "Regional convergence, inequality, and space," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 5(2), pages 155-176, April.
    12. Dusan Paredes, 2010. "Can NEG explains the spatial distribution of wages in developing countries? Evidence from Chile," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 02, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2010.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Chile; Regional convergence.;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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