IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Measurement of Horizontal Inequality


  • Slesnick, Daniel T


An alternative approach to the measurement of horizontal inequality is developed. This measure of inequality is based on an explicit social welfare function which is formulated so as to be consistent with the basic principles of social choice. The arguments of the social welfare function are welfare functions that depend on prices, total expenditure and the demographic composition of the household. The level of horizontal inequality is defined to be the difference between the level of social welfare attained at a perfect horizontally egalitarian distribution of welfare and the level of social welfare attained at the existing distribution of individual welfare. The level of horizontal inequality induced by the introduction of commodity taxes is evaluated for the United States over the period 1947-85. Copyright 1989 by MIT Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Slesnick, Daniel T, 1989. "The Measurement of Horizontal Inequality," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 71(3), pages 481-490, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:71:y:1989:i:3:p:481-90

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: full text
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to JSTOR subscribers. See for details.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Wagstaff, Adam & van Doorslaer, Eddy, 1997. "Progressivity, horizontal equity and reranking in health care finance: a decomposition analysis for the Netherlands," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 499-516, October.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:71:y:1989:i:3:p:481-90. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Kristin Waites). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.