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A Profile of UK Unemployment: Regional versus Demographic Influences

Author

Listed:
  • Sarah Brown
  • John Sessions

Abstract

BROWN S. and SESSIONS J. G. (1997) A profile of UK unemployment: regional versus demographic influences, Reg. Studies 31, 351-366. This paper profiles the incidence of unemployment in the UK over the period 1985-91 using data derived from the British Social Attitudes Survey. The approach of the paper is to quantify the differential probabilities of unemployment faced by particular groups within the population, focusing in particular on the relative effects of demographic and regional influences. Our results indicate that, even after controlling for a plethora of demographic characteristics, regional disparities in unemployment risk are prevalent, with individuals in Northern Ireland, Wales, the North and West Midlands of England facing a higher chance of unemployment ceteris paribus. Such a finding would suggest that macroeconomic based policies may be pertinent in alleviating unemployment in these regions, whilst in other regions, notably London, Scotland and the East Midlands, a microeconomic approach may be more appropriate. BROWN S. et SESSIONS J. G. (1997) Une esquisse du chomage au Royaume-Uni: les influences regionales par rapport aux facteurs demographiques, Reg. Sudies 31, 351-366. A partir des donnees provenant de la British Social Attitudes Survey (enquete a propos du comportement social en Grande-Bretagne), cet article cherche a esquisser le taux de chomage au Royaume-Uni entre 1985 et 1991. L'article evalue les differentes probabilites du chomage auxquelles les divers groupes au sein de la population font face, et porte en particulier sur les effets des influences regionales par rapport aux facteurs demographiques. Les resultats laissent voir que des ecarts regionaux du risque de chomage sont tres courants, dont ceteris paribus des probabilites plus elevees en Irlande du Nord, aux Pays de Galles, dans le Nord d'Angleterre et dans les West Midlands, compte tenu d'un eventaille de caracteristiques demographiques. De telles preuves laisseraient supposer que des politiques macroeconomiques pourraient etre appropriees a la reduction du chomage dans ces regions-la, alors que dans d'autres regions, notamment a Londres, en Ecosse et dans les East Midlands, il se peut qu'une facon macroeconomique s'avere plus appropriee. BROWN S. und SESSIONS J. G. (1997) Ein Profil der Erwerbslosigkeit im Vereinigten Ko¨nigreich: Regionale gegen demographische Einflu¨sse, Reg. Studies 31, 351-366. Dieser Aufsatz skizziert das Vorkommen von Erwerbslosigkeit im Vereinigten Ko¨nigreich im Zeitraum 1985-1991; es stu¨tzt sich dabei auf Daten, die der Untersuchung britischer gesellschaftlicher Ansichten (British Social Attitudes Survey) entnommen wurden. Der Aufsatz geht seine Aufgabe mittels Quantifizierung der differentialen Wahrscheinlichkeiten der Erwerbslosigkeit an, denen bestimmte Gruppen der Bevo¨lkerung ins Auge sieht, wobei er sich besonders auf die relativen Auswirkungen demographischer und regionaler Einflu¨sse konzentriert. Die Ergebnisse weisen darauf hin, dass selbst nach U¨berpru¨fung einer Unmenge demographischer Eigenschaften regionale Unterschiede in der Gefahr der Erwerbslosigkeit vorherrschen, die fu¨r in Nordirland, Wales, dem no¨rdlichen und westlichen Mittelland Englands Ansa¨ssigen gro¨sser als fu¨r die u¨brigen, sonst Gleichgestellten ist. Befunde dieser Art deuten darauf hin, dass auf Makroo¨konomie fussende politische Bestrebungen zur Erleichterung der Arbeitslosigkeit in diesen Gebieten von Belang sein mo¨gen, wa¨hrend in anderen, besonders in London, Schottland und dem o¨stlichen Mittelland ein mikroo¨konomisches Angehen des Problems geeigneter sein du¨rfte.

Suggested Citation

  • Sarah Brown & John Sessions, 1997. "A Profile of UK Unemployment: Regional versus Demographic Influences," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(4), pages 351-366.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:31:y:1997:i:4:p:351-366
    DOI: 10.1080/00343409750132964
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Melanie Arntz & Ralf Wilke, 2009. "Unemployment Duration in Germany: Individual and Regional Determinants of Local Job Finding, Migration and Subsidized Employment," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(1), pages 43-61.
    2. William Collier, 2003. "The Impact of Demographic and Individual Heterogeneity on Unemployment Duration: A Regional Study," ERSA conference papers ersa03p496, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Philip Ball & Ralf Wilke, "undated". "Job seeker's allowance in Great Britain: How does the regional labour market affect the duration until job finding?," Discussion Papers 09/03, University of Nottingham, School of Economics.
    4. Prodromídis Pródromos-Ioánnis, 2010. "Analysing Local Employment and Unemployment in Greece Under Conventional Zoning Regimes and Partitions Extracted from the Data," European Spatial Research and Policy, De Gruyter Open, vol. 17(1), pages 61-91, June.
    5. Haapanen, Mika, 1998. "Internal Migration and Labour Market Transitions of Unemployment Workers," Discussion Papers 179, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
    6. Prodromídis, Pródromos-Ioánnis K., 2012. "Modeling male and female employment policy in Greece from local data," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 823-839.

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