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Quantifying compliance costs of small businesses in New Zealand


  • W. Robert
  • J. Alexander
  • John Bell
  • Stephen Knowles


This paper reports on a small-scale study of the compliance costs of small New Zealand businesses. Participating firms were asked to keep a record of both time spent and expenditure directly incurred over a thirteen-week period. This differs from previous studies that rely on a firm's recall. The results suggest that New Zealand small businesses, on average, spend less time, but a similar amount of money, on compliance than has been indicated in previous studies. A number of firms do perceive compliance to be a major issue, and in some cases this perception prevents firms from expanding.

Suggested Citation

  • W. Robert & J. Alexander & John Bell & Stephen Knowles, 2005. "Quantifying compliance costs of small businesses in New Zealand," New Zealand Economic Papers, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(1), pages 37-50.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:nzecpp:v:39:y:2005:i:1:p:37-50 DOI: 10.1080/00779950509558479

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Daniel F. Spulber, 1989. "Regulation and Markets," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262192756, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Escribano, Álvaro & Guasch, J. Luis, 2012. "Robust investment climate effects on alternative firm-level productivity measures," UC3M Working papers. Economics we1201, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
    2. Eric Manes, 2009. "Pakistan's Investment Climate : Laying the Foundation for Growth, Volume 2. Annexes," World Bank Other Operational Studies 12411, The World Bank.
    3. Escribano, Alvaro & Guasch, J. Luis, 2005. "Assessing the impact of the investment climate on productivity using firm-level data : methodology and the cases of Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3621, The World Bank.

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