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The ‘Beijing consensus’ and the ‘Singapore model’: unmasking the myth of an alternative authoritarian state-capitalist model


  • Stephan Ortmann


What is today touted as the ‘Beijing consensus’ or the ‘China model’ is nothing more than a resized version of the ‘Singapore model’ or an attempt to revive the developmental state. In particular, the ‘Beijing consensus’ assumes a greater role for the state in the economy under authoritarian rule. Since Deng Xiaoping's Southern Tour in 1992, Chinese academics, politicians, and administrators have flocked to the soft-authoritarian city-state and the result has not only been a sprawling discourse but also a number of political reforms aimed at increasing the effectiveness of the state and strengthening one-party rule. An analysis of this discourse shows that while providing Chinese policy-makers with many important ideas, these studies reveal serious weaknesses in China's attempt to follow the ‘Singapore model’. Instead of having found an alternative authoritarian state-capitalist model, the ‘Beijing consensus’ is only a transitory phase.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephan Ortmann, 2012. "The ‘Beijing consensus’ and the ‘Singapore model’: unmasking the myth of an alternative authoritarian state-capitalist model," Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(4), pages 337-359, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jocebs:v:10:y:2012:i:4:p:337-359
    DOI: 10.1080/14765284.2012.724981

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    Cited by:

    1. Asongu, Simplice & Nwachukwu, Jacinta, 2016. "Is the Threat of Foreign Aid Withdrawal an Effective Deterrent to Political Oppression? Evidence from 53 African Countries," MPRA Paper 74649, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Simplice Asongu & Jacinta C. Nwachukwu & Gilbert A. A. Aminkeng, 2018. "Lessons from a Survey of China’s Economic Diplomacy," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 18/009, African Governance and Development Institute..
    3. repec:spr:jknowl:v:8:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s13132-015-0273-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Simplice Asongu, 2015. "On Taxation, Political Accountability and Foreign Aid: Empirics to a Celebrated Literature," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 83(2), pages 180-198, June.
    5. Simplice A. Asongu, 2017. "The Comparative Economics of Knowledge Economy in Africa: Policy Benchmarks, Syndromes, and Implications," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 8(2), pages 596-637, June.
    6. Simplice Asongu & Jacinta Nwachukwu & Gilbert Aminkeng, 2018. "Lessons from a Survey of China’s Economic Diplomacy," AFEA Working Papers 18/008, African Finance and Economic Association (AFEA).

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