Educational Disparities in AIDS-affected Communities: Does Orphanhood Confer Unique Vulnerability?
To inform policy, our study identifies which populations of AIDS-affected children are in need of educational assistance. Using the 2004--2005 Malawi Integrated Household Survey, multilevel models examine the association between AIDS-related impacts and educational outcomes. Double and maternal orphans are more likely to be out of school and behind in grade level; living with an adult suffering from a potential AIDS-related illness is also associated with disadvantage. These disparities are not explained by poverty status. Where both poverty and AIDS are endemic, both traditional development aid and orphan-specific programming are essential for equitable access to education.
Volume (Year): 48 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 (March)
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