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Institutions and Poverty

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  • Edinaldo Tebaldi
  • Ramesh Mohan

Abstract

This study utilises eight alternative measures of institutions and the instrumental variable method to examine the impacts of institutions on poverty. The estimates show that an economy with a robust system to control corruption, an effective government, and a stable political system will create the conditions to promote economic growth, minimise income distribution conflicts, and reduce poverty. Corruption, ineffective governments, and political instability will not only hurt income levels through market inefficiencies, but also escalate poverty incidence via increased income inequality. The results also imply that the quality of the regulatory system, rule of law, voice and accountability, and expropriation risk are inversely related to poverty but their effect on poverty is via average income rather than income distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Edinaldo Tebaldi & Ramesh Mohan, 2010. "Institutions and Poverty," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(6), pages 1047-1066.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:46:y:2010:i:6:p:1047-1066
    DOI: 10.1080/00220380903012730
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Tebaldi, Edinaldo & Mohan, Ramesh, 2008. "Institutions-Augmented Solow Model And Club Convergence," MPRA Paper 10386, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Alice Sindzingre, 2005. "Explaining Threshold Effects of Globalization on Poverty: an Institutional Perspective," WIDER Working Paper Series RP2005-53, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
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