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How Do Tourists React To Political Violence? An Empirical Analysis Of Tourism In Egypt

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  • David Fielding
  • Anja Shortland

Abstract

This paper uses a detailed database of political violence in Egypt to study European and US tourists' attitudes towards a conflict region. We study the heterogeneous impacts of different dimensions of political violence and counter-violence on tourist flows to Egypt in the 1990s. Both US and EU tourists respond negatively to attacks on tourists, but are not influenced by casualties arising in confrontations between domestic groups. However, European tourists are sensitive to the counter-violence measures implemented by the Egyptian government. There is also evidence of arrivals of tourists into Egypt rising when fatalities in the Israeli/Palestinian conflict increase.

Suggested Citation

  • David Fielding & Anja Shortland, 2011. "How Do Tourists React To Political Violence? An Empirical Analysis Of Tourism In Egypt," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(2), pages 217-243.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:defpea:v:22:y:2011:i:2:p:217-243
    DOI: 10.1080/10242694.2011.542340
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    Keywords

    Tourism; Political violence; Egypt;

    JEL classification:

    • P48 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Political Economy; Legal Institutions; Property Rights; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Regional Studies
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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