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Ethical And Data-Integrity Problems In The Second Lancet Survey Of Mortality In Iraq

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  • Michael Spagat

Abstract

This paper considers the second Lancet survey of mortality in Iraq published in October 2006. It presents some evidence suggesting ethical violations to the survey's respondents including endangerment, privacy breaches and violations in obtaining informed consent. Breaches of minimal disclosure standards examined include non-disclosure of the survey's questionnaire, data-entry form, data matching anonymised interviewer identifications with households and sample design. The paper also presents some evidence relating to data fabrication and falsification, which falls into nine broad categories. This evidence suggests that this survey cannot be considered a reliable or valid contribution towards knowledge about the extent of mortality in Iraq since 2003. Editor's Note: The authors of the Lancet II Study were given the opportunity to reply to this article. No reply has been forthcoming.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Spagat, 2010. "Ethical And Data-Integrity Problems In The Second Lancet Survey Of Mortality In Iraq," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(1), pages 1-41.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:defpea:v:21:y:2010:i:1:p:1-41
    DOI: 10.1080/10242690802496898
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks, 2006. "Mortality after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: Were valid and ethical field methods used in this survey?," HiCN Research Design Notes 3, Households in Conflict Network.
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Spagat, 2010. "Estimating the Human Costs of War: The Sample Survey Approach," HiCN Research Design Notes 14, Households in Conflict Network.

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