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Singapore’s experience with reclaimed water: NEWater


  • Hannah Lee
  • Thai Pin Tan


NEWater, Singapore’s reclaimed water, has enabled Singapore to sustainably meet its growing water demand despite limited land for water catchment and storage. While technology provided this water reuse solution, strong political will, good governance and effective public engagement were key to Singapore’s success in supplying NEWater for indirect potable use and direct nonpotable use. A multiple-barrier process including dual-membrane filtration and UV disinfection, complemented by a strict operating philosophy and comprehensive water quality management programme, ensures reliable delivery of good-quality NEWater even as the supply capacity expands.

Suggested Citation

  • Hannah Lee & Thai Pin Tan, 2016. "Singapore’s experience with reclaimed water: NEWater," International Journal of Water Resources Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(4), pages 611-621, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:cijwxx:v:32:y:2016:i:4:p:611-621
    DOI: 10.1080/07900627.2015.1120188

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    Cited by:

    1. Cecilia Tortajada & Choon Nam Ong, 2016. "Reused water policies for potable use," International Journal of Water Resources Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(4), pages 500-502, July.

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