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Financial development, financial liberalization and social capital


  • Luuk Elkhuizen
  • Niels Hermes
  • Jan Jacobs
  • Aljar Meesters


The relationship between financial liberalization policies and financial development is controversial. The impact of these policies differs greatly across countries. In the literature, the quality of formal institutions has been identified as an important source of this heterogeneity, as countries with a weak institutional environment generally fail to benefit from financial liberalization. Using panel data covering 82 countries for the period 1973–2008, we find evidence that social capital may substitute for formal institutions as a prerequisite for effective financial liberalization policies. In particular, we find that during the post Washington-consensus period countries with a high prevailing level of social capital can ensure that financial liberalization positively influences financial development, despite the poor quality of their formal institutions.

Suggested Citation

  • Luuk Elkhuizen & Niels Hermes & Jan Jacobs & Aljar Meesters, 2018. "Financial development, financial liberalization and social capital," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(11), pages 1268-1288, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:50:y:2018:i:11:p:1268-1288
    DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2017.1358446

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    Cited by:

    1. Maryam Barzegar Marvasti & Somayeh Razzaghi, 2020. "Investigating the Determinants of Financial Development in OPEC Countries: An Application of Bayesian Model Averaging Approach," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(1), pages 342-352.

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