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Are health expenditures and GDP characterized by asymmetric behaviour? Evidence from 11 OECD countries

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  • Paresh Kumar Narayan

Abstract

In this article, we examine whether per-capita health expenditures and per-capita GDP for 11 OECD countries can be characterized by asymmetric behaviour. We achieve this goal by using the nonparametric Triples test suggested by Randles et al. (1980). We examine two forms of asymmetries, namely deepness and steepness. Our main finding is that for 6 out of 11 countries, namely for the USA, the UK, Japan, Spain, Finland and Iceland, either per-capita health expenditures or per-capita GDP are characterized by asymmetric behaviour. This finding to some extent casts doubt on those studies that model the relationship between health and GDP using unit-root and cointegration tests that assume symmetric disturbances.

Suggested Citation

  • Paresh Kumar Narayan, 2009. "Are health expenditures and GDP characterized by asymmetric behaviour? Evidence from 11 OECD countries," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(4), pages 531-536.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:41:y:2009:i:4:p:531-536
    DOI: 10.1080/00036840701765304
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    Cited by:

    1. Apergis, Nicholas, 2015. "Financial portfolio choice: Do business cycle regimes matter? Panel evidence from international household surveys," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 14-27.
    2. Christophe André & Nikolaos Antonakakis & Rangan Gupta & Mulatu F. Zerihun, 2017. "Asymmetric Behaviour in Nominal and Real Housing Prices: Evidence from Advanced and Emerging Economies," Working Papers 201711, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    3. Christophe Andre & Rangan Gupta & John W. Muteba Mwamba, 2016. "Are Housing Price Cycles Asymmetric? Evidence from the US States and Metropolitan Areas," Working Papers 201635, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    4. Apergis, Nicholas & Eleftheriou, Sofia, 2016. "Gold returns: Do business cycle asymmetries matter? Evidence from an international country sample," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 164-170.
    5. repec:spr:soinre:v:133:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-016-1357-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:bla:ijhplm:v:31:y:2016:i:4:p:580-601 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Nicholas Apergis & Tsangyao Chang & Christina Christou & Rangan Gupta, 2017. "Convergence of Health Care Expenditures Across the US States: A Reconsideration," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 133(1), pages 303-316, August.
    8. Veli Yilanci, 2012. "Investigating Asymmetries in Macroeconomic Aggregates of Central and Eastern European Economies," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 14(31), pages 223-229, February.
    9. Njindan Iyke, Bernard, 2015. "Asymmetries, Structural Breaks, and Nonlinear Persistence: Evidence and Implications for Uncovering the Energy-Growth Nexus in Selected African Countries," MPRA Paper 67163, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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