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How close to their offensive potential do national football league teams play?


  • Richard Hofler
  • James Payne


This paper presents preliminary results about how close to their offensive potential teams in the National Football League (NFL) play. Our study extends the work of previous researchers in several ways. First, we are the first to investigate the efficiency of professional football teams. Secondly, we utilize a panel data set covering the seasons 1989 to 1993 for all 28 NFL teams. Thirdly we estimate a frontir for the offensive teams. By estimating a stochastic production frontier model on a panel data set of NFL teams we find that many teams have played very close to their offensive potentials. For example, teams could have scored around one point more in each game than they actually did. This shows that these NFL teams are excellent, on average, at exploiting their talent - which seems reasonable.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Hofler & James Payne, 1996. "How close to their offensive potential do national football league teams play?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(11), pages 743-747.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:3:y:1996:i:11:p:743-747 DOI: 10.1080/135048596355808

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Baillie, Richard T & Bollerslev, Tim, 1989. " Common Stochastic Trends in a System of Exchange Rates," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 44(1), pages 167-181, March.
    2. Baillie, Richard T & Bollerslev, Tim, 1994. " Cointegration, Fractional Cointegration, and Exchange Rate Dynamics," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(2), pages 737-745, June.
    3. Diebold, Francis X & Gardeazabal, Javier & Yilmaz, Kamil, 1994. " On Cointegration and Exchange Rate Dynamics," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(2), pages 727-735, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:qut:dpaper:282 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Kostas Kounetas, 2014. "Greek football clubs’ efficiency before and after Euro 2004 Victory: a bootstrap approach," Central European Journal of Operations Research, Springer;Slovak Society for Operations Research;Hungarian Operational Research Society;Czech Society for Operations Research;Österr. Gesellschaft für Operations Research (ÖGOR);Slovenian Society Informatika - Section for Operational Research;Croatian Operational Research Society, vol. 22(4), pages 623-645, December.
    3. Hofler, Richard A. & Payne, James E., 1997. "Measuring efficiency in the National Basketball Association1," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 293-299, August.
    4. Guido Ascari & Philippe Gagnepain, 2007. "Evaluating Rent Dissipation in the Spanish Football Industry," Journal of Sports Economics, , vol. 8(5), pages 468-490, October.

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