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Workers’ remittances and the Dutch disease in South Asian countries


  • Ripon Roy
  • Robert Dixon


Workers’ remittances have become an important source of foreign exchange for some emerging economies even when compared to official development assistance, foreign direct investment or other types of capital flows. While some research suggests that a high inflow of remittances lowers poverty and stimulates economic growth and financial development, other studies suggest that remittances can appreciate the real exchange rate and thereby hurt the competitiveness of the tradeable sector. In this article, we examine the Dutch disease argument for Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka using a fixed effects model. We are unable to reject the null that there is a statistically significant appreciating effect of remittances on real exchange rate. Since our estimation results show that trade openness causes a depreciation of the real exchange rate, the appreciation effect of the real exchange rate originating from remittance inflows can be made weaker by trade liberalization.

Suggested Citation

  • Ripon Roy & Robert Dixon, 2016. "Workers’ remittances and the Dutch disease in South Asian countries," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(6), pages 407-410, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:23:y:2016:i:6:p:407-410
    DOI: 10.1080/13504851.2015.1078436

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    Cited by:

    1. Petróczy, Dóra Gréta, 2021. "An alternative quality of life ranking on the basis of remittances," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 78(C).
    2. Adnan KHURSHID & Yin KEDONG & Adrian Cantemir CĂLIN & Zhaosu MENG & Naila NAZIR, 2018. "Remittances Inflows, Gain of Foreign Exchange or Trade Loss? New Evidence from Low, Lower-Middle and Middle-Income Groups," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(1), pages 20-41, December.
    3. Hem C. Basnet & Bishwa Koirala & Kamal P. Upadhyaya & Ficawoyi Donou-Adonsou, 2021. "Workers’ remittances and financial development: the case of South Asia," International Review of Economics, Springer;Happiness Economics and Interpersonal Relations (HEIRS), vol. 68(2), pages 185-207, June.
    4. Andrew V. Stephenson & Amanda Wilsker, 2016. "Consumption Effects of Foreign Remittances in Jamaica," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 22(3), pages 309-320, August.
    5. Shahidul Islam & Subhadip Ghosh & Mohua Podder, 2022. "Fifty years of agricultural development in Bangladesh: a comparison with India and Pakistan," SN Business & Economics, Springer, vol. 2(7), pages 1-41, July.
    6. Burçak Polat & Antonio Rodríguez Andrés, 2019. "Do emigrants’ remittances cause Dutch disease? A developing countries case study," The Economic and Labour Relations Review, , vol. 30(1), pages 59-76, March.
    7. Hao, Linna & Ahmad, Shabbir & Chang, Hsu-Ling & Umar, Muhammad, 2021. "Knowledge spill-over and institutional quality role in controlling Dutch disease: A case of BRICS countries," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    8. Zhang, Wei-Wei & Sadiq, Ramla & Khan, Tahseen Mohsan & Khan, Muhammad Mohsan, 2021. "Policy implications of remittances, trade liberalization and Dutch disease – A comparative analysis based on income categorization," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).

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