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Funding acknowledgments in the Web of Science: completeness and accuracy of collected data

Author

Listed:
  • Belén Álvarez-Bornstein

    () (Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
    Complutense University (UCM))

  • Fernanda Morillo

    () (Spanish National Research Council (CSIC))

  • María Bordons

    () (Spanish National Research Council (CSIC))

Abstract

The study of acknowledgments as a source of data on research funding is gaining ground in science, as exemplified by the present inclusion of this information in bibliographic databases such as Web of Science (WoS). The objective of this paper is to explore the completeness and accuracy of WoS in extracting and processing funding acknowledgment data. With this purpose, a random sample of articles published in eight thematic areas and selected from the scientific output of Spain in 2014 are analyzed. Funding information that appears in original articles is recorded by WoS in the “funding text” field, but is also extracted to the “funding agency” and “grant number” subfields. In the extraction process, some funding information was lost in 12% of the articles and the distribution of agencies and grant numbers by subfield was not always consistent. In addition, funding support is often incompletely reported by authors: in about half of the articles we studied, the country of origin of the funder or the grant number(s) were not mentioned. We propose and discuss the need to develop more detailed guidelines on how to acknowledge funding. More accurate documentation of funding sources in published articles would benefit researchers, funders and journals, and enhance the reliability and usefulness of studies on funding acknowledgments.

Suggested Citation

  • Belén Álvarez-Bornstein & Fernanda Morillo & María Bordons, 2017. "Funding acknowledgments in the Web of Science: completeness and accuracy of collected data," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 112(3), pages 1793-1812, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:scient:v:112:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11192-017-2453-4
    DOI: 10.1007/s11192-017-2453-4
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rodrigo Costas & Thed N. Leeuwen, 2012. "Approaching the “reward triangle”: General analysis of the presence of funding acknowledgments and “peer interactive communication” in scientific publications," Journal of the Association for Information Science & Technology, Association for Information Science & Technology, vol. 63(8), pages 1647-1661, August.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Fernanda Morillo & Belén Álvarez-Bornstein, 2018. "How to automatically identify major research sponsors selecting keywords from the WoS Funding Agency field," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 117(3), pages 1755-1770, December.
    2. Belén Álvarez-Bornstein & Adrián A. Díaz-Faes & María Bordons, 2019. "What characterises funded biomedical research? Evidence from a basic and a clinical domain," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 119(2), pages 805-825, May.
    3. Magnus Eriksson & Annika Billhult & Tommy Billhult & Elena Pallari & Grant Lewison, 2020. "A new database of the references on international clinical practice guidelines: a facility for the evaluation of clinical research," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 122(2), pages 1221-1235, February.
    4. Gianluca Fabiano & Andrea Marcellusi & Giampiero Favato, 2020. "Public–private contribution to biopharmaceutical discoveries: a bibliometric analysis of biomedical research in UK," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 124(1), pages 153-168, July.
    5. Weishu Liu & Li Tang & Guangyuan Hu, 2020. "Funding information in Web of Science: an updated overview," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 122(3), pages 1509-1524, March.
    6. Lin Zhang & Wenjing Zhao & Beibei Sun & Ying Huang & Wolfgang Glänzel, 2020. "How scientific research reacts to international public health emergencies: a global analysis of response patterns," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 124(1), pages 747-773, July.
    7. Lin Zhang & Wenjing Zhao & Beibei Sun & Ying Huang & Wolfgang Glänzel, 0. "How scientific research reacts to international public health emergencies: a global analysis of response patterns," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 0, pages 1-27.
    8. Erjia Yan & Chaojiang Wu & Min Song, 2018. "The funding factor: a cross-disciplinary examination of the association between research funding and citation impact," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 115(1), pages 369-384, April.
    9. Simone Belli & Joan Baltà, 2019. "Stocktaking scientific publication on bi-regional collaboration between Europe 28 and Latin America and the Caribbean," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 121(3), pages 1447-1480, December.
    10. Mu-Hsuan Huang & Mei-Jhen Huang, 2018. "An analysis of global research funding from subject field and funding agencies perspectives in the G9 countries," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 115(2), pages 833-847, May.
    11. Weishu Liu, 2020. "Accuracy of funding information in Scopus: a comparative case study," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 124(1), pages 803-811, July.
    12. Fernanda Morillo, 2019. "Collaboration and impact of research in different disciplines with international funding (from the EU and other foreign sources)," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 120(2), pages 807-823, August.

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