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research notes and comments: Distance weighted migration measures


  • K. Bruce Newbold

    () (School of Geography and Geology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada)

  • Derek A. Peterson

    () (School of Geography and Geology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada)


This research note proposes new summary measures for migration that use geographic distance as a descriptive factor, establishing a linkage between migration fields and earlier measures of migration - net migration and migration efficiency. By factoring distance into migration efficiency and net migration, we create analogous and complementary measures defined as attraction efficiency and net attraction, respectively. These measures differentiate between proximate and distant migration flows and summarize the spatial extent of flows to or from a region that we discern in the study of migration fields. The analysis uses BEA level geography and migration data from the 1990 census to examine and illustrate these measures, and to compare the results with the traditional measures.

Suggested Citation

  • K. Bruce Newbold & Derek A. Peterson, 2001. "research notes and comments: Distance weighted migration measures," Papers in Regional Science, Springer;Regional Science Association International, vol. 80(3), pages 371-380.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:presci:v:80:y:2001:i:3:p:371-380
    Note: Received: 30 June 2000

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    More about this item


    Migration; efficiency; distance weights; attraction.;

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population


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