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Mobility where mobility is illegal: Internal migration and city growth in the Soviet Union

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  • Ira N. Gang

    () (Department of Economics, Rutgers University, 75 Hamilton Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-1248, USA Fax: 932-7416; e-mail: gang@economics.rutgers.edu, stuart@economics.rutgers.edu))

  • Robert C. Stuart

    () (Department of Economics, Rutgers University, 75 Hamilton Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-1248, USA Fax: 932-7416; e-mail: gang@economics.rutgers.edu, stuart@economics.rutgers.edu))

Abstract

This paper examines an important anomaly in the internal migration history of the former Soviet Union (FSU). While many cities were closed in the sense of explicitly limiting growth of city population from migration, it was difficult to assess the effectiveness of these controls. We analyze a sample of 308 Soviet cities to isolate the impact of closure regulations controlling for city size. We find that while there are pervasive patterns of city growth, the rate increasing through the 1960s and declining thereafter, there are also pervasive differences between controlled and uncontrolled cities, the later growing significantly faster in almost all cases, controlling for city size.

Suggested Citation

  • Ira N. Gang & Robert C. Stuart, 1999. "Mobility where mobility is illegal: Internal migration and city growth in the Soviet Union," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 12(1), pages 117-134.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:12:y:1999:i:1:p:117-134
    Note: Received: 17 July 1997/Accepted: 16 March 1998
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Xavier Chojnicki & Ainura Uzagalieva, 2008. "Labor Migration from East to West in the Context of European Integration and Changing Socio-political Borders," CASE Network Studies and Analyses 0366, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
    2. Gang, Ira N. & Stuart, Robert C., 2004. "Russian Cities in Transition: The Impact of Market Forces in the 1990s," IZA Discussion Papers 1151, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Yuri Andrienko & Sergei Guriev, 2003. "Determinants of Interregional Mobility in Russia: Evidence from Panel Data," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 551, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    4. Mikhailova, Tatiana, 2012. "Gulag, WWII and the Long-run Patterns of Soviet City Growth," EconStor Preprints 121963, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
    5. Lehmann, Hartmut & Wadsworth, Jonathan, 2011. "The impact of Chernobyl on health and labour market performance," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 843-857.
    6. Alexander Muravyev, 2006. "Human Capital Externalities: Evidence from the Transition Economy of Russia," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 629, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    7. Oleksandr Shepotylo, 2012. "Cities in Transition," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 54(3), pages 661-688, September.
    8. Gang, Ira N & Stuart, Robert C, 2002. "The Political Economy of Russian City Growth," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 50(3), pages 491-508, April.
    9. Mikhailova Tatiana, 2010. "Looking for Multiple Equilibria in Russian Urban System," EERC Working Paper Series 10/08e, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.
    10. World Bank, 2012. "In Search of Opportunities : How a More Mobile Workforce Can Propel Ukraine’s Prosperity (Vol. 2 of 2) : Technical Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 12287, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cities · migration · urbanization;

    JEL classification:

    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • P20 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - General
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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