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Gender and savings in rural India

Author

Listed:
  • Anil Deolalikar

    () (Department of Economics, MC 353330, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA)

  • Elaina Rose

    () (Department of Economics, MC 353330, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA)

Abstract

In this study we use data from rural India to examine the impact of the birth of a boy relative to the birth of a girl (i.e., the "gender shock") on the savings, consumption and income of rural Indian households. We find that the gender shock reduces savings for medium and large farm households, although there is no evidence that the shock affects savings for the landless and the small farm households. We also estimate the effect of the shock on income and consumption for the former group in order to determine the source of the drop in savings. The results indicate that the fall in savings subsequent to the gender shock arises from its effect on consumption in the year following the birth, and from its effect on income in other years.

Suggested Citation

  • Anil Deolalikar & Elaina Rose, 1998. "Gender and savings in rural India," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 11(4), pages 453-470.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:11:y:1998:i:4:p:453-470
    Note: Received: 3 September 1996 /Accepted: 15 July 1997
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gender · savings · India · intrahousehold allocation;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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