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The demand for broad money in Norway, 1969-1993


  • ûyvind Eitrheim

    () (Research Department, C-51, Norges Bank , Box 1179 Sentrum, N-0107 Oslo, Norway)


Cointegration analysis is applied to investigate the long run relationships between money, prices, and wages in Norway. Broad money is determined endogenously, and monetary balances were exposed to large shocks during the period of financial deregulation in the midst of the 1980s. In the long run these shocks are absorbed, and a long run demand for money relationship is identified in which real money is determined by real income, the relative price on financial assets (the yield spread) and the relative price on goods (the own real interest rate). Money adjusts dynamically to changes in the exchange rate and private wealth. Domestic price inflation is affected by imported inflation including currency depreciation (a pass through effect), domestic cost pressure (unit labour costs), and excess demand in the product market (output gap effect).

Suggested Citation

  • ûyvind Eitrheim, 1998. "The demand for broad money in Norway, 1969-1993," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 339-354.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:empeco:v:23:y:1998:i:3:p:339-354

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    Cited by:

    1. Hyunjoo Ryou & Cristina Terra, 2015. "Exchange Rate Dynamics under Financial Market Frictions," THEMA Working Papers 2015-03, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.

    More about this item


    Money demand · price/wage formation · cointegration · dynamic specification · conditional models · error correction;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money


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