Network markets and the structure of networks
Network markets are characterized by composite goods or services that can be obtained from alternative combinations of basic products. Examples are complex, multistage production and consumption systems, transport and communications. Efficiency in these markets depends on the net effect of the complementary and substitution relationships that exist between elementary products, which are determined by network topology and market structure. This paper examines factors that affect equilibria in network markets by considering a number of simple economic models of network markets. First it is shown how network topology influences profits and welfare under different market regimes. In particular, attention is given to price discrimination in monopolistic networks. Next evolution of networks is examined, which may occur via investment in new links by incumbent firms, or via entry of new firms in the network. It is shown that the number of competitors in equilibrium may not coincide with the socially optimal one, which in turn depends on the network structure. In order to show some concrete implications of the theoretical results two examples are presented, dealing with intermediate factors in an input-output production system, and with the trade-off between network externalities and economies of scale and density in hub-and-spoke transportation networks.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 34 (2000)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
|Note:||Received: June 1997/Accepted: October 1999|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.springer.com|
|Order Information:||Web: http://link.springer.com/journal/168|