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Las exportaciones españolas de vino, 1986-2012: dinámicas gravitacionales

Listed author(s):
  • Juan Sebastián Castillo

    (Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha)

  • Mª Carmen García Cortijo

    (Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha)

Registered author(s):

    Spanish wine exports have experienced a great boom since Spain became a member of the EEC in 1986. The process was further stimulated by the 1994 Uruguay Round of GATT agreements, along with successive reforms of the CAP and the Common Market Organizations for wine in 1987, 1999 and 2008. In this symbiotic framework of integration and globalisation, Spanish wine destinations have changed dramatically in structure and characteristics. The logic of focussing exports on intra-EU markets has now combined with shifts toward other emerging destination countries. In this article we analyse the factors influencing changes in the gravity dynamics of Spanish wine exports and the importance of each variable. Destination markets have been grouped into five large categories that together represent 84% of total exports, and differences between wines with and without a protected designation of origin [denominación de origen protegida or DOP] have been analysed. The results indicate that Spain has experienced shifts in export gravity and developed as a price-competitive country, becoming an export leader in non-DOP wine. Simultaneously, Spanish wine has firmly established itself in traditional markets, has a higher average export price and has expanded its commercial dynamics to emerging markets outside the EU.

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    Article provided by Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria in its journal Historia agraria: Revista de agricultura e historia rural.

    Volume (Year): (2014)
    Issue (Month): 64 (december)
    Pages: 103-130

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    Handle: RePEc:seh:journl:y:2014:i:64:m:december:p:103-130
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    1. Pedro José Pérez & José Ramón García & Luisa Escriche, 2005. "Importancia De Las Perturbaciones Externas En La Economía Española Tras La Integración: ¿Tamaño Del Shock O Grado De Respuesta?," Working Papers. Serie EC 2005-07, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
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    6. Carlucci, Domenico & De Blasi, Giuseppe & Santeramo, Fabio Gaetano & Seccia, Antonio, 2008. "New challenges and opportunities for Italian exports of table wines and high quality wines," MPRA Paper 8728, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Robert C. Feenstra & James R. Markusen & Andrew K. Rose, 2001. "Using the gravity equation to differentiate among alternative theories of trade," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 34(2), pages 430-447, May.
    8. Chang, Yuan-Ching & Polachek, Solomon W. & Robst, John, 2004. "Conflict and trade: the relationship between geographic distance and international interactions," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 491-509, September.
    9. repec:esr:wpaper:rsnote2012/3/1 is not listed on IDEAS
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    11. C. Martínez-Mongay & Marcos Sanso & Fernando Sanz, 1991. "Las importaciones españolas de manufacturas y la integración en la CEE," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 15(1), pages 121-141, January.
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