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La obra de Octavio Elorrieta (1881-1962). El monte al servicio de la economía


  • Iñaki Iriarte-Goñi

    (Universidad de Zaragoza)


This paper analyzes the professional life and the work of Octavio Elorrieta y Artaza, who became, with his works about forest economy and his positions in the Spanish Forest Administration, the most influential forest engineer in Spain in the early 20th Century. The article tackles the proposals of Elorrieta on forest exploitation, forest policy, and the possibilities that the forestland offered towards solving the agrarian social problem in the South of the country in the thirties. It also suggests why it is worthwhile reading this author nowadays. The main conclusion is that Elorrieta played a central role in the definition of a new way of perceiving forest lands; a new perception that, on the one hand, tried to set those areas in an outstanding place of national policy in order to increase their production and to guarantee their conservation, and, on the other hand, it involved the potential danger to reduce the conception of forests just to its bare economic aspects.

Suggested Citation

  • Iñaki Iriarte-Goñi, 2009. "La obra de Octavio Elorrieta (1881-1962). El monte al servicio de la economía," Historia Agraria. Revista de Agricultura e Historia Rural, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria, issue 48, pages 133-159, august.
  • Handle: RePEc:seh:journl:y:2009:i:48:m:august:p:133-159

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Doldán García, X.R. & Chas Amil, Mª L., 2001. "La contaminación de la industria de pasta-papel en Galicia: un análisis de flujos de materiales y energía," Estudios de Economia Aplicada, Estudios de Economia Aplicada, vol. 18, pages 143-158, Agosto.
    2. Samuelson, Paul A, 1976. "Economics of Forestry in an Evolving Society," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 14(4), pages 466-492, December.
    3. Gonzalez de Molina, Manuel, 2002. "Environmental constraints on agricultural growth in 19th century granada (Southern Spain)," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 257-270, May.
    4. Azqueta Oyarzún, Diego, 1994. "Gestión y valoración de proyectos de recursos naturales," Sede de la CEPAL en Santiago (Estudios e Investigaciones) 30241, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    5. Iriarte-Goñi, Iñaki & Ayuda, Mari­a Isabel, 2008. "Wood and industrialization: Evidence and hypotheses from the case of Spain, 1860-1935," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 177-186, March.
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    More about this item


    Forest Economy; Forest Policy; Agrarian Reform; Spain;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • B30 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought: Individuals - - - General
    • N53 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N54 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Europe: 1913-
    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry


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