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Urban Residential Analysis: 2. Spatial Consumer Equilibrium


  • G J Papageorgiou

    (Department of Geography, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada)

  • H Mullally

    (Department of Geography, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada)


Part 1 of this two-part series was concerned with the description and analysis of elements that transcend diverse urban structures of the ‘service’ type. The conclusions were general and abstract. Beyond this unified realm a more detailed description of urban form requires additional assumptions. The nature of such assumptions defines urban form within the confines of positive or normative analysis. Here the additional assumptions define spatial equilibrium within an ‘open’ city. Special cases of such equilibria have been studied extensively. In contrast part 2 develops the general case of a multicentre multiincome city. The properties of spatial-equilibrium bid-rent functions, their synthesis to a composite land-value surface, as well as the properties of this composite, are analyzed in section 1. The next section examines residential land-use patterns generated in a ‘service’ city. Such patterns turn out to be dramatically different from those of other urban types. Section 3 discusses the complex land-value and density surfaces that unfold over the landscape. Finally, section 4 provides what is probably the only analytically solved example of a spatial-equilibrium model related to a hierarchy of centres and to a continuous distribution of incomes over a continuous space.

Suggested Citation

  • G J Papageorgiou & H Mullally, 1976. "Urban Residential Analysis: 2. Spatial Consumer Equilibrium," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 8(5), pages 489-506, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:envira:v:8:y:1976:i:5:p:489-506

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    Cited by:

    1. Catherine Baumont, 2009. "Spatial effects of urban public policies on housing values," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 88(2), pages 301-326, June.
    2. Salazar, Xavier & Atienza, Miguel, 2010. "Las empresas en Santa Cruz, ¿continúan en una estructura monocéntrica?," Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Economico, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana, issue 13, pages 59-90.
    3. Catherine Baumont & Jean-Marie Huriot, 1996. "From von Thuenen to Fujita : continuity or rupture ?
      [De von Thünen à Fujita : continuité ou rupture ?]
      ," Working Papers hal-01527151, HAL.
    4. Catherine Baumont & Françoise Bourdon, 2002. "Centres secondaires et recomposition économique des espaces urbains," Working Papers hal-01544523, HAL.
    5. BAUMONT, Catherine & BOURDON, Françoise, 2002. "Centres secondaires et recomposition économique des espaces urbains.Le cas de la Communauté de l'Agglomération Dijonnaise (1990 ; 1999)," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2002-04, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.

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