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The Geography of R&D: Tobit Analysis and a Bayesian Approach to Mapping R&D Activities in the Netherlands


  • Hans Ouwersloot

    (University Maastricht, FdEWB/MW/MMO, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands)

  • Piet Rietveld

    (Department of Economics, Free University, De-Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands)


Regions vary strongly according to the participation of firms in R&D activity. By linking data on R&D activity at the firm level with GIS-based data on economic and other location features of regions, we are able to investigate the impact of local factors on R&D involvement for various types of firms. The relative importance of local factors as determinants of the R&D involvement of firms is estimated by means of a tobit model. Rather strong differences are found between zones in the same urban region. For example, modern manufacturing firms located in the centre of large cities have relatively low levels of R&D, and the opposite holds for rings of zones at certain distances from the cities. Bayesian methods are used for map presentations of the survey data.

Suggested Citation

  • Hans Ouwersloot & Piet Rietveld, 2000. "The Geography of R&D: Tobit Analysis and a Bayesian Approach to Mapping R&D Activities in the Netherlands," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 32(9), pages 1673-1688, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:envira:v:32:y:2000:i:9:p:1673-1688

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    Cited by:

    1. Josep-Maria Arauzo-Carod & Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal, 2009. "Industrial Location at the Intra-Metropolitan Level: The Role of Agglomeration Economies," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(4), pages 545-558.
    2. Beaudry, Catherine & Schiffauerova, Andrea, 2009. "Who's right, Marshall or Jacobs? The localization versus urbanization debate," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 318-337, March.
    3. Elisabet Viladecans Marsal & Josep Maria Arauzo Carod, "undated". "Industrial Location at the Intra-metropolitan Level: A Negative Binomial Approach," Studies on the Spanish Economy 224, FEDEA.
    4. Kleoniki Kalapouti & Nikos Varsakelis, 2015. "Intra and inter: regional knowledge spillovers in European Union," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 40(5), pages 760-781, October.

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