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El efecto de la distancia económica sobre la colaboración científica entre universidades. Evidencia para las regiones del sur de Europa

Author

Listed:
  • Fernández Pérez, Ana

    () (Universidad de Cádiz)

  • Ferrándiz León, Esther

    (Universidad de Cádiz)

  • León Rodríguez, Mª Dolores

    (Universidad de Cádiz)

Abstract

El objetivo principal de este trabajo es examinar el papel de la distancia económica sobre la colaboración científica entre instituciones universitarias del sur de Europa, usando para ello datos correspondientes a co-publicaciones para el periodo 2006-2010. Adicionalmente se explora el efecto de otras nociones de distancia señaladas en la literatura. Los resultados muestran que la distancia económica favorece la colaboración científica, en el marco de la hipótesis centro-periferia. La proximidad geográfica, cognitiva, institucional y social también actúan como factores que fomenta la colaboración científica. En cuanto a la proximidad organizativa, los datos no muestran resultados concluyentes. The main objective of this paper is to examine the effect of econo mic distance on academic scientific collaboration in peripherical countries in Southern Europe (period 2006-2010). For this purpose, we use co-publications as an indicator of collaboration. Besides, we explore the effect of other proximity notions argued in the extant literature. Our results show that economic distance promotes academic scientific collaboration, supporting the centre-periphery hypothesis. It is also shown that geographic, cognitive, institutional and social proximity facilitates scientific collaboration, while the effect of organizational proximity is not clear.

Suggested Citation

  • Fernández Pérez, Ana & Ferrándiz León, Esther & León Rodríguez, Mª Dolores, 2017. "El efecto de la distancia económica sobre la colaboración científica entre universidades. Evidencia para las regiones del sur de Europa," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 37, pages 55-76.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0339
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    Keywords

    distancia económica; proximidad; colaboración científica; regiones; modelo gravitacional;

    JEL classification:

    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O39 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Other
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

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