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Una aproximación al enfoque del capital social y a su contribución al estudio de los procesos de desarrollo local

Author

Listed:
  • Esparcia, Javier

    () (Instituto de Desarrollo Local, Universidad de Valencia)

  • Escribano, Jaime

    (Instituto de Desarrollo Local, Universidad de Valencia)

  • Serrano, José J.

    (Instituto de Desarrollo Local, Universidad de Valencia)

Abstract

En gran parte como respuesta a los procesos de ajuste derivados de las crisis de los años setenta, el paradigma del «desarrollo local» está hoy plenamente consolidado. En él predomina la dimensión económica. Sin embargo, los procesos de desarrollo local deben analizarse y conceptualizarse prestando atención también a la dimensión social, y en particular a la componente relacional del capital social. A partir de la división clásica del capital social en bonding, bridging o linking, se introducen una serie de conceptos que permiten conceptualizar mejor los procesos de desarrollo local. A partir de ahí se plantea un modelo conceptual para interpretar la contribución de los diferentes tipos de capital social tanto a la componente dinámica de los procesos de desarrollo local, en sus diferentes fases, como a su sostenibilidad. Por último, se presta atención a la interacción de las escalas micro y macro que, desde la perspectiva del capital social, influye directamente en la institucionalidad para el desarrollo local. Abstract: In response to the adjustment processes resulting from the crises of the 70s, the paradigm of «local development» is now fully consolidated, although with the predominance of the economic dimension. However, local development processes should be analyzed and conceptualized paying greater attention to the social dimension, and in particular to the relational component of social capital. From the classical division of social capital in bonding, bridging and linking, a series of concepts for a better conceptualise local development processes are introduced. A conceptual model is proposed to interpret the contribution of those different types of social capital both to the dynamic component of local development processes in tis different phases, and its sustainability. Finally, attention to the interaction of micro and macro scales is provided which, from the perspective of social capital, directly influences the institutional framework for local development.

Suggested Citation

  • Esparcia, Javier & Escribano, Jaime & Serrano, José J., 2016. "Una aproximación al enfoque del capital social y a su contribución al estudio de los procesos de desarrollo local," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 34, pages 49-71.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0309
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    Keywords

    Capital social; desarrollo local; sostenibilidad; institucionalidad para el desarrollo local;

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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