IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Customs Union in the CIS


  • Borodin, Konstantin

    () (Russian Institute of Agricultural Problems and Information Support, n.a.A.A. Nikonov (VIAPI))

  • Strokov, Anton

    () (Lomonosov Moscow State University)


On the basis of data on trade among the Russian Federation, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, an attempt is made to assess the existing trends in trade before they formed the Customs Union within the Eurasian Economic Community and the very first results of the Customs Union activities. The removal of tariffs in mutual trade between Russia and Belarus, as our study shows, has not led to the development of mutual trade, although it helped Belarus to improve some of its macroeconomic indicators. Kazakhstan's accession to the Preferential Trade Agreement between Russia and Belarus stimulated the trade creation effect in some commodity groups (73 - articles of iron and steel). At the same time, in the overwhelming majority of trade sectors that showed a relatively high trade activity of the CU countries, a large share belongs to the EU countries; China also shows growing dynamics in trade with the CU countries. Using two options of the gravity model, we evaluated the Customs Union effects, which in their entirety confirmed that the Customs Union is dominated not by mutual trade but by trade with the countries from the rest of the world, including the Commonwealth of Independent States countries. Moreover, the extended option of the model, which takes into account the export of the basic product groups, has shown that the fuel group is the most important factor for the Customs Union countries in terms of export development. Mineral fuels belong to the product group 27 along with oils and distillation products.

Suggested Citation

  • Borodin, Konstantin & Strokov, Anton, 2015. "The Customs Union in the CIS," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 30(2), pages 334-358.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0661

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Ehigiamusoe, Kizito Uyi & Lean, Hooi Hooi, 2019. "Do economic and financial integration stimulate economic growth? A critical survey," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 13, pages 1-27.

    More about this item


    Customs Union of Eurasian Economic Community; Trade; Gravity Model;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0661. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jong-Eun Lee). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.