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Labour Market Reform and the Effectiveness of Monetary Policy in EMU

Author

Listed:
  • Hughes Hallett, Andrew

    () (Vanderbilt University and CEPR)

  • Viegi, Nicola

    () (University of Strathclyde)

Abstract

This paper analyses the interaction between a common monetary policy and differentiated labour market institutions. We develop a model of a two country monetary union. In each country, labour markets are distinguished by the degree of centralisation in wage bargaining. In each country the government can also use an instrument (general taxation or payroll taxes) to influence their overall labour costs. Finally a common monetary policy is followed in a "conservative" manner, as defined by Rogoff (1985). The results show structural and preference asymmetries matter, both in the determination of economic policy and in performance. In particular, centralised labour market institutions confer a certain comparative advantage in policy making which provides a natural incentive for the less flexible (or less reformed) to want to join a currency union; and also for the more flexible to stay outside. This lowers the incentives for reform inside the union, as Calmfors and others have conjectured.

Suggested Citation

  • Hughes Hallett, Andrew & Viegi, Nicola, 2003. "Labour Market Reform and the Effectiveness of Monetary Policy in EMU," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 18, pages 726-749.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0257
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Vassilis Monastiriotis & Sotirios Zartaloudis, 2010. "Beyond the crisis: EMU and labour market reform pressures in good and bad times," LEQS – LSE 'Europe in Question' Discussion Paper Series 23, European Institute, LSE.
    2. Andrew Hughes Hallett, 2005. "Political Devolution without Fiscal Devolution," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 0505, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary union; Labour market institutions; Asymmetries;

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects

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