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Comercio exterior y flujos hídricos en la agricultura colombiana: análisis para el periodo 1961-2004

Listed author(s):
  • Pérez Rincón, Mario Alejandro


    (Instituto CINARA, Universidad del Valle, Colombia)

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    Una de las preocupaciones centrales en la política del agua a nivel mundial en la actualidad, tiene que ver con las acciones locales que es necesario desarrollar para cumplir con las denominadas Metas de Desarrollo del Milenio para el 2015. Sin embargo, pocos son los análisis que se hacen para tratar de relacionar los efectos de las políticas globales sobre el uso de los recursos hídricos, tanto a nivel nacional como a nivel local. En particular, pocos trabajos se han desarrollado para mirar el efecto de las políticas económicas internacionales, como por ejemplo la apertura comercial, sobre la intensidad en el uso del agua para diversos fines y sus implicaciones en el manejo integral del recurso hídrico. Este artículo, tiene como propósito evaluar los impactos en el uso del agua en la agricultura asociados a los cambios en los modelos de desarrollo de la economía colombiana entre 1961 y 2004, haciendo especial énfasis en el papel que en ello ha jugado como dinamizador de estos usos el comercio internacional. Para ello, se utilizarán los conceptos de “huella hídrica” y “agua virtual”, instrumentos que permiten relacionar la evolución de la actividad económica con el uso del agua en un país o región, siendo herramientas poderosas para la planificación económico-ambiental.

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    Article provided by Red Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica in its journal Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica.

    Volume (Year): 4 (2006)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 3-16

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    Handle: RePEc:rib:revibe:rev4_01
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Edifici C, Campus UAB, 08193, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

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    1. Muradian, Roldan & Martinez-Alier, Joan, 2001. "Trade and the environment: from a 'Southern' perspective," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 281-297, February.
    2. Perez-Rincon, Mario Alejandro, 2006. "Colombian international trade from a physical perspective: Towards an ecological "Prebisch thesis"," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(4), pages 519-529, October.
    3. Muradian, Roldan & O'Connor, Martin & Martinez-Alier, Joan, 2002. "Embodied pollution in trade: estimating the 'environmental load displacement' of industrialised countries," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 51-67, April.
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