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The Prevalence of Extreme Middle-Eastern Ideologies among Some Nigerians


  • AG Ahmed
  • Moses David Audu
  • Wagdy Loza
  • Artur Maximenco


Over the past decade, a small extremist Islamic sect agitating against Western civilization has grown to become the biggest challenge to Nigerian internal security, a serious threat to international security and peace, and has earned the country the unenviable international reputation of a terrorist state. The radicalization of members of the group is driven majorly by extreme Middle-Eastern Islamic religious ideologies. In this study, 99 Nigerian participants (51 Christians and 48 Muslims) completed the Assessment and Treatment of Radicalization Scale (ATRS; Loza, 2007; formally the Belief Diversity Scale, BDS; Loza, 2007). The ATRS is a 33-item, six subscale instrument that is designed to quantitatively measure Middle-Eastern extremist ideologies in areas of risk reported in the literature. Results demonstrated reliability and validity of the ATRS as well as indicated the prevalence of Middle-Eastern extremists¡¯ ideologies among Nigerian Muslims. Current findings are consistent with those obtained from previous studies. These findings suggest that the ATRS could be used as an objective tool to measure Middle-Eastern religious extremism.

Suggested Citation

  • AG Ahmed & Moses David Audu & Wagdy Loza & Artur Maximenco, 2013. "The Prevalence of Extreme Middle-Eastern Ideologies among Some Nigerians," International Journal of Social Science Studies, Redfame publishing, vol. 1(2), pages 161-167, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:rfa:journl:v:1:y:2013:i:2:p:161-167

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    More about this item


    Middle-Eastern ideologies; radicalization/extremism/terrorism; assessment tool; Nigeria;

    JEL classification:

    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General


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