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Assessing the Prevalence of Extreme Middle-Eastern Ideologies among Some New Immigrants to Canada


  • Wagdy Loza
  • Stella Bhawanie
  • David Nussbaum
  • Artur Maximenco


The goal of this research was to investigate whether new immigrants from the extended Middle-Eastern countries differ from each other on issues related to extreme Middle-Eastern religious beliefs based on their religious identification. The Assessment and Treatment of Radicalization Scale (ARTS; Loza, 2007a), a scale designed to assess extreme religious beliefs originating from the Middle-East, was administered to a sample of 91 participants who had recently immigrated to Canada from Pakistan. The sample was comprised of Muslims (the majority of the participants) and a small number of Christians from the same background. Due to the small number of the Christian participants, Christian responses from previous studies were included in the present comparisons. Results indicated significant differences between the religious groups and were consistent with previously obtained results. Current results also support the use of ATRS as a reliable and valid measure to help with risk assessment for beliefs supporting violence.

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  • Wagdy Loza & Stella Bhawanie & David Nussbaum & Artur Maximenco, 2013. "Assessing the Prevalence of Extreme Middle-Eastern Ideologies among Some New Immigrants to Canada," International Journal of Social Science Studies, Redfame publishing, vol. 1(2), pages 154-160, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:rfa:journl:v:1:y:2013:i:2:p:154-160

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    More about this item


    assessing; radicalizations; extreme middle-eastern ideologies; immigrants to Canada;

    JEL classification:

    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General


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