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Grotesque Impressions Enhance the Gaze Cueing Effect

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  • Matia Okubo
  • Yingda Jiang

Abstract

A non-predictive gaze cue produces a reflexive shift of attention to the gazed-at location. The present study used a modified version of Posner's attentional cueing paradigm (a gaze cueing paradigm) to investigate role of grotesque facial expressions on a gaze cueing effect involving induced fear. Grotesque faces were created by vertically shifting the position of one of the two eyes (Experiment 1, N =28) or both eyes (Experiment 2, N =28). The grotesque faces of Experiment 1 produced a larger facilitative effect of a gaze cue than did original faces, whereas the less grotesque faces of Experiment 2 did not. Cooper & Wojan (2000) have shown that one-eye moved faces produce much more grotesque impressions than two-eye moved faces. Results suggest that a grotesque facial expression, which may induce fear, automatically attracts observers' attention and facilitates processing of the gaze, ultimately enhancing the gaze cueing effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Matia Okubo & Yingda Jiang, 2013. "Grotesque Impressions Enhance the Gaze Cueing Effect," International Journal of Social Science Studies, Redfame publishing, vol. 1(1), pages 222-229, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:rfa:journl:v:1:y:2013:i:1:p:222-229
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    orienting to eye gaze; face processing; emotion; attention;

    JEL classification:

    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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