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Participación laboral y discapacidad: el caso de la Comunidad Andaluza

  • Miguel Ángel Malo
  • Ricardo Pagán

RESUMEN El principal objetivo de este trabajo es analizar los efectos de padecer una discapacidad sobre la probabilidad de ser activo en la comunidad andaluza. A partir de los microdatos de la “Encuesta sobre Discapacidades, Deficiencias y Estado de Salud” de 1999 se estiman diferentes especificaciones de un modelo logit de participación laboral donde se incluyen variables relacionadas con las características socioeconómicas del individuo y diferentes variantes de las variables discapacidad y deficiencias (número, tipo y grado). Los resultados muestran que la discapacidad en conjunción con la percepción de prestaciones tiene un efecto negativo sobre la probabilidad de ser activo. Además, la interacción de la discapacidad con la percepción de prestaciones potencialmente vinculadas a ésta afectan muy negativamente a dicha probabilidad. ABSTRACT The main objective of this work is to analyse the effects of having a disability on the probability of being active in the Andalusian Community. Taken the data from the “Encuesta sobre Discapacidades, Deficiencias y Estado de Salud” of 1999, we estimate different specifications of a logit model of labour participation, which includes variables related to person’s socio-economics characteristics and several variant of the disability and deficiency variables (number, type and level). The results show that being disabled jointly with receiving subsidies or benefits has an negative generic influence on the probability of being active. Moreover, the interaction between disability and perception of public transfers potentially related to the disability status have a very negative effect on such a probability.

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Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

Volume (Year): 03 (2005)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 89-116

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Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:03:y:2005:p:89-116
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  1. Kreider, Brent & Riphahn, Regina, 2000. "Explaining Applications to the U.S. Disability Program: A Semiparametric Approach," Staff General Research Papers 5184, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  2. Bound, John & Burkhauser, Richard V., 1999. "Economic analysis of transfer programs targeted on people with disabilities," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 51, pages 3417-3528 Elsevier.
  3. Kidd, Michael P. & Sloane, Peter J. & Ferko, Ivan, 2000. "Disability and the labour market: an analysis of British males," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 961-981, November.
  4. Marjorie Baldwin & William G. Johnson, 1994. "Labor Market Discrimination against Men with Disabilities," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(1), pages 1-19.
  5. Bound, John & Schoenbaum, Michael & Stinebrickner, Todd R. & Waidmann, Timothy, 1999. "The dynamic effects of health on the labor force transitions of older workers," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 179-202, June.
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