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The EU and European Models'Competitiveness at Stake


  • Ana Bal

    () (Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, Romania)

  • Octavian-Dragomir Jora

    () (Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, Romania)

  • Dana Gârdu

    () (Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, Romania)

  • Vladimir Topan

    () (Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, Romania)


This paper aims to shed light on the following issues: country-specific/country cluster-specific approaches to competitiveness; alternative routes to competitiveness, relying either on national strategies or business endeavour or both; instrument types – institutions and policies – as well as orientation to improve national competitiveness; performance differences among EU country clusters/models. One essential issue is the competitiveness concept and the factors underpinning it in a competitiveness-driven economy, assessing the sustainability of M. Porter’s national competitiveness advantage theory and trying to make sense of the competitive vs. comparative advantage controversy. The debate further leads to national economic models in the EU regarding the degree of state intervention in the economy and the way it impacts upon global competitiveness as defined by the World Economic Forum. Equally valuable is striking a balance between state involvement and aloofness as competitiveness boosters. This also implies revisiting the impact of EU-level regulations upon national competitiveness, ascertaining whether centralization of policies and competencies within the EU can increase competitiveness or inhibit it. Concerning the Lisbon Agenda, it is useful to consider whether to bet on pure knowledge or rather on capital accumulation as a sustainable growth recipe, discriminating between what really spurs competitiveness on and mere fallacies about development.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana Bal & Octavian-Dragomir Jora & Dana Gârdu & Vladimir Topan, 2008. "The EU and European Models'Competitiveness at Stake," Romanian Economic Journal, Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, vol. 11(27), pages 3-26, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:rej:journl:v:11:y:2008:i:27:p:3-26

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tsoukalis, Loukas, 2003. "What Kind of Europe?," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199266661.
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    More about this item


    competitiveness; social models; common policies; capital accumulation; knowledge;

    JEL classification:

    • H1 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General


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