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Skills-based constraints and complexities affecting small-scale communal cattle farmer entrepreneurs in Vhembe District


  • Mavhungu Abel Mafukata

    (Centre for Development Support, University of the Free State, Republic of South Africa)


This paper investigates constraints and complexities affecting entrepreneurial and Agri-business small-scale communal cattle farming success and sustainability in the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province, South Africa. The respondent entrepreneur farmers were randomly selected (n=55) amongst 183 other farmers for primary data collection. A semi-structured cross-language (English-Tshivenda) questionnaire was employed to gather the data. Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) were also employed. The results of this paper revealed that the entrepreneur farmers’ formal school educational levels and basic literacy skills in addition; subtraction; multiplication and division were reasonably higher while technological skills in farm risk management and production, and managerial competence in business financial skills; budgeting and marketing were low amongst the farmers. Government extension service could be employed to improve some of these deficient skills through skills training programmes for the farmers. Institutions of higher learning such as the University of Venda and Madzivhandila Agricultural College could be utilized for the trainings. Key Words:Agri-Business, Agricultural Productivity, Entrepreneur Farmer, Formal School Education

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  • Mavhungu Abel Mafukata, 2015. "Skills-based constraints and complexities affecting small-scale communal cattle farmer entrepreneurs in Vhembe District," International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147-4478), Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 4(3), pages 11-27, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbs:ijbrss:v:4:y:2015:i:3:p:11-27

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mohammad Delwar Hussain & Rosni Bakar & Abul Bashar Bhuiyan, 2014. "Entrepreneurship Development and Poverty Alleviation: An Empirical Review," Journal of Asian Scientific Research, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(10), pages 558-573, October.
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