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Do Women Want to Break the Glass Ceiling? A Study of their Career Orientations and Gender Identity in The Netherlands

Listed author(s):
  • Sandra G. L. Schruijer


    (Utrecht School of Governance, Utrecht University)

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    Career orientations, career success and perceived self-efficacy of women employees in relation to their gender identity were studied. It was hypothesized that gender identity is related to career orientations such that women with a masculine gender identity strive for more upward mobility as compared to women with a feminine gender identity, whereas the latter strive more for balancing work and private life. A masculine gender identity was furthermore predicted to be positively related to career success in terms of income and hierarchical position. Finally it was expected that women with a feminine gender identity, in comparison to those with a masculine gender identity, express a lower self-efficacy with respect to stereotypical male and gender-neutral tasks and equal self-efficacy with respect to stereotypical feminine tasks. To test the hypotheses, a questionnaire was distributed among women working for a large multinational corporation. The results provided support for the first two hypotheses. Mixed support was obtained for the third hypothesis.

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    Article provided by Rainer Hampp Verlag in its journal Management Revue - The international Review of Management Studies.

    Volume (Year): 17 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 143-154

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    Handle: RePEc:rai:mamere:1861-9908_mrev_2006_02_schruijer
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    Order Information: Postal: Rainer Hampp Verlag, Journals, Vorderer Lech 35, 86150 Augsburg, Germany. A subscripton is required to access pdf files. Pay per article is available at
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