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Wie viel Heterogenitaet gibt es im ‚Modell Deutschland‘? Zur Verbindung von betrieblichen Beschaeftigungssystemen und Profilen der Innovationsfaehigkeit (How much Variety is in the 'German Model'? Linking Establishment Employment Systems and Profiles of Innovative Capabilities)

Author

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  • Kirchner, Stefan
  • Beyer, Juergen
  • Ludwig, Ute

Abstract

Das spezifische Beschaeftigungssystem Deutschlands wurde in der Vergangenheit als Voraussetzung fuer die Herstellung qualitativ hochwertiger Produkte und eine typische Innovationsstaerke im Bereich inkrementeller Innovationen gewertet. Der Beitrag wird diesem Zusammenhang auf der Ebene betrieblicher Beschaeftigungssysteme und Profilen der Innovationsfaehigkeit nachgehen, indem die Daten einer repraesentativen telefonischen Betriebsbefragung ausgewertet werden, die im Herbst 2010 durchgefuehrt wurde (N = 988). Mit Hilfe einer latenten Klassenanalyse werden fuenf verschiedene Profile der betrieblichen Innovationsfaehigkeit identifiziert, die jeweils in deutlicher Weise mit den Merkmalen des betrieblichen Beschaeftigungssystems in Zusammenhang stehen. Die Profile unterscheiden sich entlang der Orientierung an langfristiger Personalentwicklung sowie nach dezentralen Organisationspraktiken. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass innerhalb eines nationalen institutionellen Rahmens eine grosse Vielfalt betrieblicher Strategien verfolgt wird. Zudem deuten die Befunde darauf hin, dass die Betriebe nicht allein auf die Realisierung von inkrementellen Innovationen ausgerichtet sind. Vielmehr finden sich Hinweise auf eine komplementaere Verbindung zwischen inkrementellen und radikalen Innovationsaktivitaeten. (In the past, the German employment system has been considered a precondition for the manufacturing of high-quality products and the typically strong capacity for incremental innovation. This article investigates the relationship between establishment employment systems and innovative capability profiles using data from a representative establishment telephone survey conducted in the fall of 2010 (N = 988). Employing latent class analysis, five different innovative capability profiles are identified. All five profiles show significant association with the included aspects of establishment employment systems. The profiles differ with respect to long-term personnel development as well as decentralized organizational practices. Our results reveal the variety of strategies being pursued within one national institutional framework. In addition, our findings indicate that establishments in the German economic model do not focus exclusively on incremental innovation. Instead we find evidence for complementary combination of radical and incremental innovation activities.)

Suggested Citation

  • Kirchner, Stefan & Beyer, Juergen & Ludwig, Ute, 2012. "Wie viel Heterogenitaet gibt es im ‚Modell Deutschland‘? Zur Verbindung von betrieblichen Beschaeftigungssystemen und Profilen der Innovationsfaehigkeit (How much Variety is in the 'German Model'? Lin," Industrielle Beziehungen - Zeitschrift fuer Arbeit, Organisation und Management - The German Journal of Industrial Relations, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 19(2), pages 211-235.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:indbez:doi_10.1688/1862-0035_indb_2012_02_kirchner
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    Keywords

    innovative capabilities; employment systems; latent class analysis; Germany;

    JEL classification:

    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
    • J53 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Labor-Management Relations; Industrial Jurisprudence
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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