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Complementariedades dinamicas, eficiencia y equilibrio de Nash en un modelo de firmas y trabajadores

Listed author(s):
  • Elvio Accinelli


    (Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi)

  • Silvia London

    (UNS, Argentina)

  • Lionello F. Punzo
  • Edgar J. Sanchez Carrera

    (Universidad de Siena)

En este trabajo se analiza la evolucion de una economia con dos tipos de firmas (innovadoras y no-innovadoras) y dos tipos de trabajadores (altamente calificados y poco calificados), en el que las decisiones de los trabajadores se encuentran definidas por conductas imitativas de comportamiento y dependen de la distribucion inicial de las firmas. Existe un continuo de niveles estables de equilibrios altos y solo un nivel de equilibrio bajo asintoticamente estable. El modelo presenta un valor umbral en el numero inicial de firmas que debe superarse para caer en la cuenca de atraccion de un equilibrio de alto nivel. En cada equilibrio de alto nivel coexiste un porcentaje de firmas innovadoras (R&D o tecnologicamente avanzados) con un porcentaje de firmas no-innovadoras y un conjunto de trabajadores altamente calificados (capital humano) coexiste con un conjunto de trabajadores poco calificados. Si el porcentaje inicial de firmas innovadoras es menor que el valor umbral, la economia evoluciona a un equilibrio de bajo nivel totalmente compuesto por firmas no-innovadoras y trabajadores poco calificados.

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Article provided by Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Economico Administrativas, Departamento de Metodos Cuantitativos y Maestria en Economia. in its journal EconoQuantum, Revista de Economia y Negocios.

Volume (Year): 6 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 (Julio - Diciembre)
Pages: 165-184

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Handle: RePEc:qua:journl:v:6:y:2009:i:1:p:165-184
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