IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/prs/rfreco/rfeco_0769-0479_2005_num_20_1_1569.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Performance et convergence des politiques économiques en zone franc

Author

Listed:
  • Nasser Ary Tanimoune
  • Patrick Plane

Abstract

[fre] Nasser Ary Tanimoune Patrick Plane Performance et convergence des politiques économiques en zone franc. L'objectif de cet article est de faire le point sur l'état de la convergence nominale dans l'Union économique et monétaire ouest-africaine (UEMOA). En 1999, les huit pays constitutifs de cette union ont fait vœu d'harmoniser leur politique budgétaire de manière à compléter la gestion commune de la monnaie en conformité avec les exigences de convertibilité du franc CFA. Ce processus de convergence, qui devait initialement aboutir en décembre 2003, à été reporté à fin 2005. L'analyse empirique a été menée en termes de sigma-convergence sur les huit critères que comporte le pacte, dont le solde budgétaire de base, critère clé. Les résultats mettent en évidence une évolution globalement favorable, mais insuffisante pour espérer l'entrée en phase de stabilité en janvier 2006. Le dispositif suscite des critiques internes sur la définition des objectifs et la vérifiabilité des résultats, mais également des critiques externes, sur l'engagement de réduction de la pauvreté et l'adéquation de l'UEMOA au concept de zone monétaire optimale. [eng] Economic Performance and Convergence Process Within the Franc Zone. The aim of this paper is to analyse the macroeconomic convergence process in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU). The empirical study is related to the sigma- convergence analysis of the eight criteria which composed the WAEMU Pact of Convergence and Stability in particular the « basic » budget balance which represents the key criterion. In 1999, in accordance with the constraints of the convertibility regime of the CFA franc and the management of this common currency, the eight countries of this monetary union decided to harmonize their fiscal policy. This convergence process, which was initially supposed to be achieved in December 2003, has been deferred to the end of 2005. Our empirical results highlight an appreciable movement towards the commitment of the normative goals of the Pact. However, this institutional arrangement has recendy motivated some internal criticisms as regard to the adequacy of WAEMU with the concept ot the optimal currency area and the local poverty reduction strategy, which is not part of the fiscal package.

Suggested Citation

  • Nasser Ary Tanimoune & Patrick Plane, 2005. "Performance et convergence des politiques économiques en zone franc," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 20(1), pages 235-268.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2005_num_20_1_1569
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2005.1569
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.2005.1569
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://www.persee.fr/doc/rfeco_0769-0479_2005_num_20_1_1569
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Momar Sylla Dieng & Mouhamadou Fall, 2017. "Socio-Economic, Demographic and Institutional Variables¡¯ Impact on the Development of Life Insurance in Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar," International Journal of Economics and Finance, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 9(1), pages 10-19, January.
    2. Samuel GUERINEAU & Sylviane GUILLAUMONT JEANNENEY, 2007. "Can domestic debt contribute to the financing of the “Millennium Development Goals” ? The case of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)," Working Papers 200720, CERDI.
    3. Patrick Plane & Jean-Louis Combes & Nasser Ary Tanimoune, 2008. "La politique budgétaire et ses effets de seuil sur l’activité en Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest-Africaine (UEMOA)," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 186(5), pages 145-162.
    4. René TAPSOBA & Jean-Louis COMBES & Nasser ARY TANIMOUNE, 2012. "Policy Mix Coherence: What Does it Mean for Monetary Policy in West Africa?," Working Papers 201213, CERDI.
    5. Fouda Owoundi, Jean-Pierre, 2009. "La convergence des politiques économiques dans la zone franc : où en est-on 15 ans après?," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 85(3), pages 319-354, septembre.
    6. NASSER ARY TANIMOUNE & Gervasio Semedo, 2013. "Inflation Et Objectif De Monnaie Unique Dans Les Pays De La Cedeao :Convergence Nominale Versus Variabilite Relative Des Prix: Inflation And Common Currency Goal In Ecowas :Nominal Convergence Versus ," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 56(3-4), pages 261-289.

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2005_num_20_1_1569. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE). General contact details of provider: https://www.persee.fr/collection/rfeco .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.