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Le théorème de Coase : une relecture coasienne

  • Ludovic Ragni

[fre] L'objet de cet article est double. Premièrement de rappeler, d'une part, l'origine historique du traitement des externalités afin de resituer la problématique développée par R. Coase dans Problem of social cost [1960], d'autre part, de montrer que le théorème de Coase, formulé en fait par G.J. Stigler, s'expose à un certain nombre de critiques internes. Deuxièmement, d'expliciter pourquoi il n'est pas pertinent de réduire les objectifs poursuivis par R. Coase aux résultats du théorème qui lui est à tort attribué. En effet, les objectifs poursuivis relèvent davantage d'un programme de recherche original qui constitue une critique de la théorie néo-classique standard. Dans le cadre de cette démarche alternative, le théorème n'est pas forcément verifiable parce que la problématique des coûts de transaction dont elle veut rendre compte se réfère davantage à une logique procédurale qu'à une analyse substantielle du comportement des agents propre à la théorie marginaliste. [eng] The purpose of this article is first analyse the historical roots of the theoretical treatment of externalities as to understand R. Coase's in Problem of social cost [1960]). this way, the so-called theorem of Coase, which was in fact formulated by GJ. Stigler, is shown to be opened to internal criticisms. In a second time, we deny the relevance of the identification of Coase's analysis to the results coming from a theorem which is not of his own. As a matter of fact, Coase provides a new research program based on a criticism of the neo-classical standard analysis. Consequently, the theorem is not always available because the transaction cost theory to which Coase refers to is not directly related to a substantial analysis of the behavior of agents (that is the marginalist theory analysis) but is related to a procedural approach.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 7 (1992)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 121-151

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1992_num_7_4_1322
Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1992.1322
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